The reform is to arouse people’s power (commentator observation) – View – people.com.cn lightscape

The reform is to arouse people’s power (commentator observation) – View – people.com.cn conform to the expectations of the people, play people’s energy, reformers will gain the profound reform of courage, will be able to get the most majestic power of reform and opening up in January 31st, China landmark pioneer, one of the explorers — Comrade Yuan Geng 99 years old, in Shenzhen Shekou died. For the embryo of the soul Chinese Economic Zone, China Merchants Shekou Industrial Zone, China Merchants Group website published a lengthy commemorative article. Title six words can be summarized to the Yuan Gengnai – "spirit and courage, all in the first exploration of the reform of senior forward, not back". We often say "touched interests harder than touch the soul". Indeed, now the comprehensive deepening of reform, more than 30 years ago, the situation is more complex, more difficult. However, from the point of view of the objective foundation of the reform, now various conditions mature, the reformers of tolerance, also was unimaginable. TV drama "had such a plot of turning point in the history of Deng Xiaoping": the central organization to a senior delegation to research thoroughly, Deng Xiaoping to find Li Xiannian in charge of foreign exchange outlay. Now look at the reform of entrepreneurship, has intensive support and encourage the national decentralization policy, has abundant social capital and various financing channels. Garage coffee business platform have the opportunity to "change the world" young man, I am afraid it is difficult to understand the days of the start empty-handed predecessors. At the end of 70s began the reform of the last century, the lack of system, lack of funds, lack of experience, from central to grassroots reform and courage "to move forward, not back the courage. From the first to Shekou slogan "time is money, efficiency is life" slogan, was named the District of Shenzhen since 30 years of the top 10 most influential concept, it is also one of the marks of the socialist market economy Chinese broken shell, is the logical starting point of the spirit of Shenzhen. Yuan Geng’s "Shekou spirit", from multiple levels to understand, just from the level of system reform, it set up the true meaning of the Limited by Share Ltd, the trial cadre appointment, elected local authorities, for workers and enterprises under the administration of contracts, to realize the commercialization of housing and the establishment of the social security system. A breakthrough in the "first", not only created the prosperity of Shekou Industrial Zone, also has a great impact on the country, a large number of reformers and entrepreneurs emerge, stimulate the ambitious reform wave of entrepreneurship. Look back at Shekou reform situation, a lot of reform today, still need to solve the problem of "deep water". Yuan Geng then why can so bold? The spirit and courage of reform pioneers "breakthrough in the area" where? The answer is simple: from the people. According to the same generation of memories, Yuan Geng proposed that one of the original founder of Shekou Industrial Zone, Shekou Sea is to see often floating bodies of illegal immigrants. Is the revolution of people, even to the colony of Hongkong run, which strongly stimulated him to change this situation, we must change the closed open. Not only was the main party in Yuan Geng, Guangdong provincial Party Secretary Xi Zhongxun also pointed out that anti smuggling is temporary rather than permanent cure, have to rely on the development of productive forces. The development of production, people’s life changed)

改革的伟力在于激发人民(评论员观察)–观点–人民网   顺应了人民的期待,发挥了人民的干劲,改革者就能获得最深厚的勇气,改革就能获得最磅礴的伟力    1月31日,中国改革开放具有标志性的先驱者、探索者之一――99岁的袁庚同志,在深圳蛇口逝世。对于这位缔造了中国经济特区雏形,招商局蛇口工业区的灵魂人物,招商局集团网站首页刊登长篇纪念文章。题头六个字,很能概括袁庚乃至当年所有在一线探索的改革前辈的精神和勇气――“向前走,莫回头”。  我们常说“触动利益,比触动灵魂还难”。确实,现在的全面深化改革,远比30多年前难度更大、情况更复杂。但是,从改革的客观基础来看,现在各种条件的成熟、对改革者的宽容,也是当年难以想象的。电视剧《历史转折中的邓小平》中曾有这样一个桥段:中央想组织高级代表团出国调研摸底,邓小平先要找掌管外汇的李先念特批经费。看看如今的改革创业,上有国家密集的鼓励支持和简政放权政策,下有充沛的社会资本和多种融资渠道。“车库咖啡”创业平台上有机会“改变世界”的年轻人,恐怕难以体会前辈们白手起家的那段岁月。  上世纪70年代末开始的改革,缺制度、缺资金、缺经验,不缺的,是从中央到基层的改革魄力和“向前走,不回头”的勇气。从蛇口率先叫响的“时间就是金钱,效率就是生命”口号,被评为深圳特区成立30年来十大最有影响力的观念,它也是中国社会主义市场经济破壳的标志之一,是深圳精神的逻辑起点。袁庚塑造的“蛇口精神”,可以从多个层面来解读,仅仅从制度改革层面来看,就做到了成立真正意义上的股份有限公司、试行干部聘用制、试行民选当地管理机构、变职工与企业的行政隶属为合同契约、实现住房商品化和建立社保体系等多个突破性的“第一”,不仅造就了蛇口工业区的繁荣,也极大影响了全国,一大批改革者和企业家崭露头角,激发起宏伟的改革创业浪潮。  回看蛇口改革风云,今天的很多改革,仍然需要继续解决“深水区”问题。而袁庚当年为何能如此“大胆”?改革先驱们“突破禁区”的精神和勇气何来?答案很简单:来自于人民。据同代人回忆,袁庚提议创办蛇口工业区的初衷之一,就是看到蛇口海面上经常漂浮着偷渡者的尸体。被革命解放的人,舍命往殖民地香港跑,这强烈刺激了他:要改变这种状况,一定要变封闭为开放。不仅袁庚,当年主政一方的广东省委书记习仲勋也指出:反偷渡是治标而不是治本,治本还得靠发展生产力。生产发展了,人民生活改善了,群众看到社会主义制度的优越性了,这样边境就安定了,人就不会外流。甚至邓小平在谈及“大逃港”时也坦荡地承认:是我们的政策有问题。  从中央到基层,站在不同高度的改革者,之所以都能直面高度敏感的社会问题,坚定地推动自我改革,就是因为把符合最广大人民的利益,作为了思考一切问题的出发点。顺应了人民的期待,发挥了人民的干劲,改革者就能获得最深厚的勇气,改革就能获得最磅礴的伟力。我们今天悼念袁庚,正是捍卫一个改革者为人民利益而坚定“向前走”的探索精神。  习近平总书记强调:要着力强化敢于担当、攻坚克难的用人导向,把那些想改革、谋改革、善改革的干部用起来,激励干部勇挑重担。中国30多年的改革,从来都不是一帆风顺的,当改革进入“深水区”,面对牵一发而动全身的利益调整,面对低垂的果子已经摘完的动力困局,更需要敢闯敢试而不是以文件落实文件,更需要创造经验而不是等待观望。无论是涉险滩,还是啃硬骨头,只有一大批有担当、有责任、有勇气的干部依靠人民、带领人民去突破,才能按照中央全面深化改革的精神和目标向前走。  从袁庚那一代改革者身上,我们还可以看到,除了破除旧的阻碍,改革开放更重要的意义,还在于激发新的发展驱动。今天,中央提出的新发展理念中,创新是实现所有理念的基础。创新不是一件容易事,它刚出现的时候,大多数人看不到,等看到了又看不起,看得起了又看不懂,最后看懂了,机遇却已失去。我们的国家其实每天都在发生各种创新,只要我们吃透中央精神,尊重并扶持人民群众的创新,听取并解决人民群众的难处,中国完全有能力在创新领域实现“弯道超车”。  袁庚曾经领导的招商局集团,前身为李鸿章所创。历史学家认为,清朝洋务运动失败的一个重要原因,就是其目的只是为了延续大清帝国的统治,而不是为了改善人民福祉――这也是当今中国改革与过去经济变革的本质区别,也注定了最后的结果。改革的根本目的是为了人民,改革的最大伟力也来自于人民,只要紧紧依靠人民,充分调动一线改革者的积极性、主动性、创造性,“中国奇迹”的故事就永远未完待续。   《 人民日报 》( 2016年02月01日 05 版)相关的主题文章: